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Karnataka 2nd PUC Sanskrit Textbook Answers Shevadhi Chapter 5 महाराणाप्रतापः
महाराणाप्रतापः Questions and Answers, Notes, Summary
महाराणाप्रतापः Summary in Kannada
महाराणाप्रतापः Summary in English
In the history of India, some individuals have gained popularity by their penance, knowledge and writings. They are referred as rishis, munis, visionaries and poets. While some persons gained popularity by their valour, sacrifice and patriotic spirit, which will exist till the Sun and the Moon remain, some others adorn the Universe by their Brahma Tejas. Further, there were individuals who safeguarded the religion, culture and the people of India by their gallantry. Rana Pratap is one among them.
In the western part of India, there were onslaughts of outsiders for thousands of years. Foreigners used to come to India as they were aware of the abundant resources in the country. In the region of Rajasthan, many princes strived to prevent the invaders from entering the country. Even today, the youth of our country are inspired by the stories of heroism of princes and the sacrifice and dedication of womenfolk in the country.
In Rajasthan, Mewar was a famous place. It had gained fame due to the valour and sacrifices of the kings of the region. Bappa Rawal, Rana Hamir, Rana Sanga and others had their birth in the Sisodiya lineage of the region. In such a virtuous lineage, Rana Pratap Simha was born like a second Sun on 9 May 1540 in a village called Kumbalgarh (in Junikacheri). His parents were Uday Singh II and Jaiwanta Bai Chauhan.
At that time, many kings were defeated in their struggle against the Mughals. Some of them derived satisfaction by serving the Mughal kings. When Akbar was ruling in Delhi, the conflict among the native kings was utilised by him in enhancing his strength. Many of these kings had entered into the vassalage of the Mughals. If the kings appointed to protect the country move away from their responsibility, what could be expected from other kings? Undoubtedly, the country, which was attacked by foreigners, was suffering from slavery.
In this gloomy state of the region, Rana Pratap was glowing like the flame of a lamp and a model of self-respect. Rana Pratap’s father was a valiant king. But, due to adverse circumstances, Chittor, Mewar and other regions were captured by others. He was succeeded by Rana Pratap who pondered over retrieving the lost regions.
As a first step, Rana Pratap called for a meeting of dignitaries. He swore before them that he would not consume food in gold and silver utensils, nor sleep on the bed nor live in the palace until he retrieved all the lost regions.
A severe battle took place between the Rajputs and the Mughals at Haldighat. The vast Mughal army appeared like an ocean. Although Rana Pratap fought hard in the battle, he was not victorious. He also took the help of a horse by name Chetak. Consequently, he was able to protect himself from adversaries. He started building his army by staying in caves in the forest to realise his dream.
Rana Pratap’s family faced a lot of difficulties when it stayed in the forest. He was bothered by the attack of the enemies on the one hand and the difficulties faced by his wife and children due to lack of food on the other. One day his wife prepared rotis from the powder of seeds of hay in the forest and served small pieces of rotis to the family members. She instructed her daughter to consume only a half of the small piece of roti and to keep the other half for the next day’s consumption. She said so because she doubted the availability of food the next day for her beloved daughter. His family members were leading such a pathetic life.
As his daughter had had no proper food for many days, she started eating the rotis. But, a wild cat snatched the roti from her hand and ran away. This incident sensitised the mind of the stonehearted Rana Pratap. But, despite these hardships, remembering his vow he went towards the region of River Sindhu. There he grouped the courageous sons of the kings and strove for the realisation of his dream. The tribal group called Billavas along with protecting the Rajput women and children kept them safely in the wells dug for the purpose of mining. In the battlefield at Haldighat the warriors not only assisted in the war but also revealed the secrets of the enemies.
The relentless attacks of the Mughal army had left Rana Pratap’s army weaker, and he barely had enough money to keep it going. It was at this time he met Bhama Shah, who offered him all his wealth – a sum enabling Rana Pratap to support an army of 25000 for 12 years.
Rana Pratap responded by saying that he was not interested in such money and wanted to collect money by going to different places. Bhama Shah told him that it was not other’s money and his life would be fulfilled if the money accumulated by him was spent for the protection of the nation. Listening to the words of Bhama Shah, Rana Pratap was delighted and his mind was filled with a feeling of gratitude. Using the amount given by the old person, Rana Pratap began the task of building his army. He also received money from other quarters. By utilising the entire amount, he built a huge army of his own.
His enemies mocked at him for leaving his own kingdom: They had never dreamt that he would arrive again to face them in the battlefield. Rana Pratap, contrary to the expectations of the enemies, began to capture the border areas of his kingdom which were under the control of the enemies. At that time, his body was physically not in a position to strive hard in the battlefield. He was dissatisfied that he could not acquire Chittor, although he was victorious in acquiring other regions of the kingdom.
He was the king of Mewar. At the time of his death, as he received an assurance from the trained youth of his army that they would capture Chittor, he felt relieved. Rana Pratap was wounded when he was hunting in Chavand region and on 29 January 1597 he left his physical abode when he was fifty-six years old.
In commemoration of the patriotism of Maharana Pratap and his contribution to the freedom struggle, the Government of India has issued a postage stamp and a coin. A statue of Maharana Pratap seated on his horse Chetak has been erected in front of Parliament House.
Patriots like Maharana Pratap were there in the past and can be found even in the present day India. So, let us all become patriots by reading the history of patriots like Maharana Pratap.