You can Download KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 2 Linear Equations in One Variable Ex 2.4 Questions and Answers helps you to revise the complete syllabus.

## KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 2 Linear Equations in One Variable Ex 2.4

Question 1.

Amina thinks of a number and subtracts \(\frac{5}{2}\) from it. She multiplies the result by 8. The result now obtained is 3 times the same number she thought of. What is the number?

Solution:

Let Amina think a number = x

She subtracts \(\frac{5}{2}\) from x

∴ According to equation

8(x – \(\frac{5}{2}\)) = 3x

⇒ 8x – \(\frac{5}{2}\) × 8 = 3x

⇒ 8x – 20 = 3x

⇒ 5x = 20

⇒ x = 4

∴ Number is 4

Question 2.

A positive number is 5 times another number. If 21 is added to both the numbers, then one of the new numbers becomes twice the other new number. What are the numbers?

Solution:

Let another number = x

The first number = 5x

According to question,

2(x + 21) = 5x + 21

⇒ 2x + 42 = 5x + 21

⇒ 42 – 21 = 5x – 2x

⇒ 21 = 3x

⇒ 7 = x

First number = 5 × 7 = 35

Hence, the numbers are 7 and 35.

Question 3.

The Sum of the digits of a two-digit number is 9. When we interchange the digits, it is found that the resulting new number is greater than the original number by 27. What is the two-digit number?

Solution:

Let ones place digit = x

Tens place digit = y

Number = 10y + x

By interchanging the digits, number = 10x + y

x + y = 9 ……… (1)

⇒ (10x + y) – (10y + x) = 27

⇒ 10x + y – 10y – x = 27

⇒ 9x – 9y = 27

⇒ 9(x – y) = 27

⇒ x – y = \(\frac{27}{9}\)

⇒ x – y = 3

⇒ x = 3 + y ………(2)

Substituting the value of x in 1

3 + y + y = 9

⇒ 3 + 2y = 9

⇒ 2y = 6

⇒ y = 3

x = 3 + 3 = 6

Hence, number is = 10(3) + 6 = 30 + 6 = 36

Question 4.

One of the two digits of a two-digit number is three times the other digit. If you interchange the digits of this two-digit number and add the resulting number to the original number, you get 88. What is the original number?

Solution:

Let unit digit = x

Tens digit = 3x

Number = 10(3x) + x = 30x + x = 31x

On interchanging the digits, number = 10x + 3x = 13x

According to question,

31x + 13x = 88

⇒ 44x = 88

⇒ x = 2

unit digit = 2

Tens digit = 2 × 3 = 6

Number = 10 × 6 + 2 = 62

Question 5.

Shobo’s mother’s present age is six times Shobo’s present age. Shobo’s age five years from now will be one-third of his mother’s present age. What are their present ages?

Solution:

Let Shobo’s present age = x years

Shobo’s mother’s present age = 6x years

After 5 years,

Shobo’s age = (x + 5) years

According to question,

(x + 5) = \(\frac{6 x}{3}\)

⇒ (x + 5) = 2x

⇒ 5 = 2x – x

⇒ x = 5

Shobo’s present age = 5 years

Shobo’s mother age = 5 × 6 = 30 years.

Question 6.

There is a narrow rectangular plot, reserved for a school, in Mahuli village. The length and breadth of the plot are in the ratio 11 : 4. At the rate of Rs. 100 per meter it will cost the village panchayat Rs. 75,000 to fence the plot. What are the dimensions of the plot?

Solution:

Let the ratio = x

Length of rectangular plot = 11x

Breadth of rectangular plot = 4x

Fencing costs Rs. 100 for = 1 m

Fencing costs Re. 1 for = \(\frac{1}{100}\) mts

Fencing costs Rs. 75000 for = \(\frac{1}{100} \times 75000\) = 750 m

Hence, perimeter of plot = 750 m

But perimeter = 2(l + b)

⇒ 2(11x + 4x) = 750

⇒ 2 × 15x = 750

⇒ 30x = 750

⇒ x = 25

Length of plot = 11 × 25 = 275 m

Breadth of plot = 4 × 25 = 100 m

Question 7.

Hasan buys two kinds of cloth materials for school uniforms, shirt material that costs him Rs. 50 per metre and trouser material that costs him Rs. 90 per metre. For every 2 metres of the trouser material, he buys 3 metres of the shirt material. He sells the materials at 12% and 10% profit, respectively. His total sale is Rs. 36,660. How much trouser material did he buy?

Solution:

Ratio of cloth for trouser and shirt = 2 : 3

Let ratio = x

Length of cloth for shirt = 3x m

Length of cloth for trouser = 2x m

Cost of shirt material = 3x × 50 = Rs. 150x

Cost of trouser material = 2x × 90 = Rs. 180x

Profit on shirt material = 12%

S.P. of the shirt material = 150x + 12% of 150x

= 150x + \(\frac{12}{100} \times 150 x\)

= 150x + 18x

= 168x

Profit on trouser material = 10%

S.P. of trouser material = 180x + \(\frac{10}{100} \times 180 x\)

= 180x + 18x

= 198x

According to queastion,

168x + 198x = 36,660

⇒ 366x = 36,660

⇒ x = \(\frac{36,660}{366}\) = 100.16 or 100 (approx.)

∴ Cost of trouser material = 2 × 100 = Rs. 200

Question 8.

Half of a herd of deer are grazing in the field and three-fourths of the remaining are playing nearby. The rest 9 are drinking water from the pond. Find the number of deer in the herd.

Solution:

Let the number of deer in the herd = x

Number of deer grazing in the field = \(\frac{1}{2}\) of x = \(\frac{x}{2}\)

Remaining Deer = x – \(\frac{x}{2}\) = \(\frac{x}{2}\)

Three-fourth of the remaining = \(\frac{3}{4} \times \frac{x}{2}=\frac{3 x}{8}\)

Remaining = \(\frac{x}{2}-\frac{3 x}{8}=\frac{4 x-3 x}{8}\)

⇒ 9 = \(\frac{x}{8}\)

⇒ x = 72

Question 9.

A grandfather is ten times older than his granddaughter. He is also 54 years older than her. Find their present ages.

Solution:

Let the present age of granddaughter = x years

The present age of grandfather = 10x years

According to the question,

10x – x = 54

⇒ 9x = 54

⇒ x = 6

Age of granddaughter = 6 years

Age of grandfather = 10 × 6 = 60 years

Question 10.

Aman’s age is three times his son’s age. Ten years ago he was five times his son’s age. Find their present ages.

Solution:

Let the present age of son = x years

Present age of father = 3x years

10 years ago,

Age of son = (x – 10) years

Age of father = (3x – 10) years

According to question,

(3x – 10) = 5(x – 10)

⇒ 3x – 10 = 5x – 50

⇒ -10 + 50 = 5x – 3x

⇒ 2x = 40

⇒ x = 20

Son’s present age = 20 years

Father’s age = 3 × 20 = 60 years.